Study on the drying process of bitter gourd slice
Abstract: The drying characteristics of bitter melon slices under different conditions of different temperature (or power), slice thickness and slice wet weight were studied by hot air drying and microwave drying. The drying curve was drawn.
The results show that the optimum conditions for hot air drying are drying temperature of 60 °C, slice thickness of 0.5 cm, slice wet weight of 20 g, and dehydration rate of 95.9 %. The optimal process conditions for microwave drying equipment are drying power of 800 W. The slice thickness was 0.5 cm, the wet weight of the slice was 20 g, and the dehydration rate was 96.4%. This study can provide a theoretical reference for the improvement of bitter melon slice drying process.
Key words: bitter gourd microwave drying; hot air drying
Momordica charantia L. is the fruit of the bitter gourd of the Curcu-bitaceae Momordica plant. It is named after its special bitterness. It is also known as cold melon, koi, and melon. The nutrient composition of bitter gourd is comprehensive and unique, and it is a popular vegetable and health food.
According to nutritional analysis, bitter gourd contains water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, crude fiber and various vitamins, as well as bitter melon and protein-like active substances (ie α-bitterin, β-bitterin, MAP30), Insulin active substance (ie peptide-P) and a variety of amino acids and a variety of essential mineral elements are an ideal green food.
In addition, bitter gourd not only has the pharmacological effects of clearing heat and heat, clearing eyes and detoxifying, diuretic and cooling blood, but also has the effects of smoothing blood sugar, improving insulin function and protecting cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
As a food and food homologous health food, bitter gourd has a very high value of deep processing development. The bitter gourd is low in price and has a wide range of sources. It is a kind of melon vegetable that the Chinese people often eat. Due to its numerous health functions, it has shown a broad prospect in clinical applications such as blood sugar lowering, AIDS treatment and anti-tumor.
At present, the deep-processed products of bitter gourd are rarely seen in the market. Most of the bitter gourd is mainly sold, but the fresh bitter gourd is perishable, and there are many constraints on the fresh sale. The health care function and economic benefits of bitter gourd cannot be maximized.
After drying the bitter gourd slices, both medicine and food can not only enrich people's diet structure, but also fully play the health care function of bitter gourd. At the same time, it can adjust the balanced supply time of bitter gourd and open up a new way for the utilization of bitter gourd. In order to preserve the nutrition and flavor of fresh bitter gourd, it is very important to develop a natural bitter gourd food that is convenient to eat and has a unique flavor. It also meets the requirements of modern people for health conditions, and the bitter melon sliced and dried is in line with people's nutrition, health care, Requirements for characteristics such as taste and convenience.